Today in History:

98 Series I Volume XVI-I Serial 22 - Morgan's First Kentucky Raid, Perryville Campaign Part I

Page 98 KY., M. AND E.TENN., N.ALA., AND SW.VA. Chapter XXVIII.

The PRESIDENT. Had you plenty of ammunition?

An ammunition wagon to each regiment very close at hand. I had but little use for small-arms. The brigade that was taken from me by General Gilbert without notifying me was exhausted of their ammunition, and the cartridge-boxes were filled on the morning of the 9th, when they were supplied with a full complement of ammunition. They lost something over 400 men, 2 field officers killed and 1 mortally wounded. I think there were 13 officers killed and wounded. General Gilbert came to me and asked me to send some officers of influence to reconcile that brigade, saying it was demoralized. I sent my acting assistant adjutant-general, and marched the regiments over in as good condition as I ever saw any command and as eager to go into the fight again, without any show of demoralization. Four officers were slightly wounded and the balance very severely.

Cross-examination by General BUELL:

Question. General, you stated in your direct testimony that you said to me that you could have gone into Perryville with your division on the evening of the 7th?

Yes, sir.

Question. Did you base that opinion on anything you saw?

Well, from the manner of the enemy-the manner in which they fell back, not showing a dispositions to make a very stubborn stand. General Buell replied to me that I could not have done it with twice my number; and furthermore told me that if I could go in there with my division he would put another star on my shoulder.

Question. How closely were the enemy pursued in the town that day?

I think, to the best of my recollection now, it was not less than 2 1/2 miles by the road. Across the hills it might have been nearer, but by the way we went it was that distance.

Question. What time did your division advance on the morning of the 9th?

It was quite early; I could not tell; it could not have been much after 6 o'clock, probably before. We opened fire by 6 on the cavalry trying to pass the Danville road. I was in line of battle an hour before I had any orders to advance. General Gilbert sent an order after we had been in line of battle an hour. The firing was opened from our advanced brigade by Colonel Carlin.

Question. Did you see anything of the corps on your right as you were advancing on the morning of the 9th?

Yes, sir, I did; the advance brigade. It advanced about the same time I did in the morning to my right across the Danville road. I think the whole corps crossed there. I know the advance brigade went in the direction of Harrodsburg. I supposed at the time that the cavalry was driven up by that division from their extreme flank, where they had been the day before, but I could not tell. I know they appeared to be in great hurry to get out the way as possible. We got ten or twelve shots at them from our artillery. This was part of Crittenden's corps. I met General Wood that morning, but cannot state exactly the time. He was commanding one of General Crittenden's divisions.

DECEMBER 9, 1862.

Testimony of General McCook continued (from December 8.)

I then proceeded to the point where the Mackville and Perryville road crosses the Springfield and Dicksville road. There I met my aide-de-camp, Captain Hoblitzell. Colonel Gooding commanded the brigade. He reported to me, and I ordered him to his position with the regiments and told him what to do. Captain O. F. Pinney, Fifth Wisconsin Battery [also reported], and I posted him in a position near the skirts of the wood near the crossing to the right of Mackville and Perryville road. the fight still continued fiercely. This was about 5 o'clock in the evening or half past 5; dark came on about 6. General James [B.] Steedman, who commands a brigade, also reposition to me that he had his brigade ready for duty. I ordered his batteries into position to the right of pickets and posted his infantry to the right of these batteries. The brigade was formed in two lines, extending nearly to where Colonel McCook's brigade was in camp. About the time I got this brigade posted it was quite dark and the firing had ceased on both sides.

Page 98 KY., M. AND E.TENN., N.ALA., AND SW.VA. Chapter XXVIII.