Today in History:

93 Series I Volume XVI-I Serial 22 - Morgan's First Kentucky Raid, Perryville Campaign Part I


Only from report. From Bardstown I followed close in their wake to Perryville. I commanded the advance of the central army corps from Bardstown to Perryville.

Question. Do you not know now, as you know any other historical fact, what was the course taken by the rebels?

I have an impression from observation and from hearsay.

Question. Will the knowledge which you have justify you in stating to the Commission at what points, previous to the capture of Munfordville, that army might have been attacked with the prospect of success?

Well, it would. I commanded a division, without any knowledge, except from common report, where the enemy were. You are well aware that all kinds of reports are flying along the line from morning to night. We believed the enemy were marching very near us, but had no positive knowledge of the fact.

Question. What do you know of our failure to relieve Munfordville?

I have no personal knowledge. I had no means of knowing about the distribution of troops or the necessities until two days before we arrived at Munfordville. I was detached from the main army at this point; but I find it impossible to recollect the names of localities.

General BUELL. There is a map which shows exactly the movements of the column. It would be very useful to the Commission. It is a map I used myself, and on which the roads are traced.

(Judge-advocate directs the map to be obtained for the use of the Commission.)

Question. Where were you, general, at the time of the surrender of Munfordville?

My impression is that we were near Bowling Green.

Question. How long had you been there previous to the capture?

I lay there about a day and a half. I was in the rear, and joined the main command, I think the last division before General Thomas.

General BUELL. It was the last but one.

General MITCHELL. I cannot remember the day of the capture, but I lay at Bowling Green a day and a half after the capture, and the first knowledge I had of Munfordville being in the hands of the enemy was two days before our arrival there. The knowledge I had was at the time we met the troops that had been paroled there.

Question. Your recollection of the date of that event is not sufficient to enable you to fix the day? You cannot tell how long you were at Bowling Green before that place was captured?

I cannot; I can only give my impression.

Question. You proceeded with the army from Louisville to Crab Orchard and were present at the battle of Perryville? What was your position there?

I occupied the right of General Gilbert's corps.

I did. About 10 o'clock in the morning of the 8th of October I was ordered to the front. Had been occupied for three previous days in front. During the night General Sheridan, with a portion of his division, was ordered to pass me. It was the night of the 7th. He passed me some time in the night. I was ordered about 10 o'clock to move forward with my entire division, and after marching probably 2 miles General Gilbert rode up to my line and directed me to take position with two brigades to the right of the road leading from Springfield to Perryville. I was directed to place two brigades in position on that hill, leaving one brigade in the valley to the left of the road as a reserve. I went up and formed my two brigades, which were in the advance on the hill, and was directed there to wait orders by General Gilbert. I had no orders directly from General Buell, but after 7 in the evening I had orders to form two of my brigades in line of battle, and encamped in front of General