Today in History:

71 Series I Volume XVI-I Serial 22 - Morgan's First Kentucky Raid, Perryville Campaign Part I


to the letter as I understood them. I am informed the loss of the brigade was between 700 and 800 killed and wounded. Have not yet seen official report.

Question. How far to the right was the army?

General Gilbert's corps, on the Springfield road, could be readily seen with the naked eye. I do not think the Springfield road was more than a mile from my position. There was a battery on my right, on a wooded eminence, probably a quarter of a mile distant, but there was no infantry between my right and the battery.

Question. Which way was the wind blowing?

I remember that when a barn near the right of the Third Ohio was fired by the enemy's shells the whole line was almost enveloped in smoke. The wind must have been, I think, a southerly wind; it blew from right to left of my line.

Question. Was it known that the enemy was in force at Perryville?

That I do not know. I remember meeting General McCook in the morning, and that the General remarked there would be fun before night or some remark to that effect.

Question. With the exception of Gilbert's column were you not aware of the positions of the other corps?

I was not.

Question. You had no knowledge of the force of the enemy?

Nothing definite.

Question. When you were taken prisoner could you form any estimate of the numbers of the enemy?

I could not.

Question. Did you know their line of retreat, what roads they went by, where their force lay, and where they arrived that night?

I have some delicacy in testifying to these points under the terms of my parole. I can state that I was very much surprised that we were not re-enforced that day, and also that no advance was made the next morning.

Question. What reason can you give that prevents you answering these questions?

My impression is that there is a provision in the terms of the parole "that I shall not reveal anything that I might have discovered within the line of the enemy." I therefore decline to testify on these points.

Question. How many days were you in the hands of the enemy?

The battle was fought on Wednesday, the first week of October. I was paroled the next day, and returned to our lines on Friday night and immediately reported at General Buell's headquarters.

Question. Where were General Buell's headquarters?

They were on the Harrodsburg pike, beyond the position we occupied, near the road. When I returned I was in a buggy; I returned by way of Danville.

Question. Where were you at the time you received your parole?

I was at Harrodsburg.

Question. For how long were the men provided with provisions?

They had provisions for three days.

Question. During the battle the men threw away their haversacks, sometimes their knapsacks. Had you noticed anything of the kind in your corps?

I did not observe that they did so; I noticed that they were very cool.

Question. When you were at headquarters did you see General Bragg?

I was not at the headquarters of the enemy.