Today in History:

70 Series I Volume XVI-I Serial 22 - Morgan's First Kentucky Raid, Perryville Campaign Part I

Page 70 KY., M. AND E.TENN., N.ALA., AND SW.VA. Chapter XXVIII.

that his long-range ammunition was nearly expended. I accompanied him and reported to General Rousseau. The general and Loomis rode off together, as I supposed either to have Loomis' ammunition replenished or another battery sent forward to take its place. I returned immediately to the front.

Question. During this time did you receive any orders from any other officer? Had General Rousseau received any orders from General McCook from 12 to 2 o'clock?

I received no orders during that time from any other officer. As to whether General Rousseau received any orders from General McCook or not during the time mentioned I cannot state. The position of my regiments was reported to General Rousseau when the fight opened, and my general instructions were to hold my ground there as long as practicable, and in case it became impracticable to hold it to retire in good order. Shortly after my return to the front I saw Loomis' battery being retired. I dispatched a staff officer or orderly to inquire whether, my artillery being withdrawn, the general desired any change in the position of my line. To this message I got no answer, nor can I say whether or not it ever reached the general. Shortly after 2 o'clock p.m. the fire of the rebel artillery slackened and his infantry advanced. The Third Ohio was immediately ordered from the slight depression of ground that partially screened it from the artillery fire to the crest of the hill. The Fifteenth Kentucky was ordered to support it. The Tenth Ohio was on the left of the Third Ohio, from which I had not felt at liberty to withdraw it. The Eighty-eighth Indiana was held in reserve.

We held our position for two hours or more after Loomis was retired, and finally, being without our battery and exposed to a severe fire of artillery as well as that of an infantry force greatly superior in number, the brigade fell back in good order and reformed, as I am informed, in the neighborhood of the original line selected in the morning near Russell's house.

Question. Did it appear from the sound of the cannon that the enemy was on the left?

The rattle of small-arms was so deafening that it wold have been hard to tell. I could see only two regiments on my left, such was the conformation of the ground. While the fight was progressing I became satisfied, between 2 and 3 o'clock, that we were outnumbered.

My battery had been withdrawn, and the brigade was exposed not only to a severe fire from the enemy's infantry posted in the ravine, but from a heavy fire of his artillery, which swept the crest of the ridge. I accordingly sent back a staff officer for re-enforcements. He returned with the message that I should hold the position as long as I could, and if it became impracticable, should retire; that Jackson was very hard pressed, and no re-enforcements could be spared. Between 3 and 4 p.m. I renewed my application for re-enforcements, but to this second application received no response.

Meanville my whole line, after a most obstinate and resolute struggle and severe loss, had been retired, with the exception of one regiment, the Tenth Ohio.

Question. How many rounds of ammunition had you?

Forty rounds. The ammunition train was, I think, in the woods near the Russell house, though of this I am not certain. Our line was so suddenly formed that I had no time to ascertain its location. I had finally sent back for the Eighty-eighth Indiana, being determined to hold our position if possible until re-enforcements came up. I could not believe but what they would finally arrive from some other corps, having seen the column on the Springfield road in the morning. Before the Eighty-eighth got up, however, the Tenth was nearly enveloped by the enemy and was obliged to fall back. A most destructive fire was poured on the regiment's front and from the flanks, and while endeavoring to cover its movement to the rear with skirmishers I was wounded and captured. These are the material points that came under my observation up to the time that I was taken prisoner.

It is my impression that after Harris was obliged to retire for want of ammunition the attack of eight or ten regiments of the enemy was concentrated on my brigade, or rather on the three regiments-the Third Ohio, Fifteenth Kentucky, and Tenth Ohio-which were the last to retire.

Question. Did you know the headquarters of General Buell?

I did not. I saw General McCook and General Rousseau. After the battle began General Rousseau's attention, as I gathered from this report, was mainly directed to the left of the line. My loss was very heavy. The orders to the brigade were executed

Page 70 KY., M. AND E.TENN., N.ALA., AND SW.VA. Chapter XXVIII.