Today in History:

69 Series I Volume XVI-I Serial 22 - Morgan's First Kentucky Raid, Perryville Campaign Part I


of the Union and rebel armies might be pointed out by the witness.)

The witness then proceeded and said:

Our column (McCook's army corps) moved by the way of Taylorsville, Fairfield, Bloomfield, and Chaplin, encamping the night before the fight at Mackville. There were but two divisions of the army at that point-Rousseau's and Jackson's. The Third Division (Sill's) was not with us. My original orders at Mackville were to move at 6 a.m. Before daylight, however, I received orders to move immediately. My own command was in motion in twenty minutes. I had to tents. My brigade had the right of Rousseau's division, which had the advance of the corps.

We arrived on the field of battle about 10.30 a.m., to the best of my recollection. As we reached the ground I saw a column of our troops on the Springfield road, which I ascertained subsequently was a portion of Gilbert's corps. [Witness points out Springfield road on map.]

Having been directed by General Rousseau to place a good skirmish regiment in advance, the Tenth Ohio occupied that position, and on our arrival on the field was at once deployed as skirmishers.

General Rousseau's original line of battle was considerably in the rear of the line he actually occupied during the fight. Our march had been accelerated when we heard cannonanding.


Question. Where was that cannonading?

I do not know exactly; think it was from a battery on the right of my position during the fight. General Rousseau's original line was nearly at right angles with the road, his right resting near Russell's house.

I will remark here that my recollection of the topography of the field may not be accurate, as I saw it only during the fight and afterwards from an ambulance on my return from the enemy's lines.

On our arrival on the field at 10.30 a.m. a section or more of artillery was thrown forward and opened fire. No response having been elicited, General Rousseau directed me to move with my brigade toward Perryville. At this time the Tenth Ohio Infantry, thrown forward as skirmishers, had not returned, though I had sent a staff officer and several orderlies to recall it. My orders being imperative, however, to march, I sent an order to Lieutenant-Colonel Burke, commanding, to fall in the rear of my brigade, and directed Colonel Beatty, with his regiment (Third Ohio Infantry), to take the advance.

Question. How far was your right from the next corps on your right?

I saw no line of battle on my right at all. My own command was composed of the Third and Tenth Ohio Infantry, Fifteenth Kentucky Infantry, Forty-second and Eighty-eighth Indiana Infantry, and Loomis' battery.

In compliance with orders about 12 o'clock I resumed the march, the Third Ohio having the right. The impression at this time seemed to be that the enemy had retired. My column was in motion, as directed, when my attention was directed to a scattering fire on the left of the road. It immediately struck me that it proceeded from the skirmishers of the Tenth Ohio, which, as I have said, had not yet reported. Riding up to the eminence where our artillery had been posted in the morning, commanding a ravine, an officer of my staff approached me and said he discovered the enemy on the opposite side of the battle. The morning was bright and clear. General Rousseau directed me to form line of battle immediately. My column, then in motion and descending the hill into the ravine, was marched by the right-about, and the order was complied with. Cannot state the precise distance from the enemy.

My brigade had the right of Rousseau's division in line of battle. Harris' brigade was on my left. Jackson was on the left of Rousseau. We had than an artillery duel, which lasted perhaps two hours.

Question. Could you see the enemy's line at the time from that eminence?

They were screened by the timber. In the ravine which separated us from the enemy was the rocky bed of a creek. The men had suffered much from thirst. One of my regiments (the Forty-second Indiana) had been ordered to the ravine in the morning by General Rousseau to supply the men with water, but there was little or none there.

After the fire of the artillery had been prolonged some time Captain Loomis reported