Today in History:

1102 Series I Volume XLVII-I Serial 98 - Columbia Part I

Page 1102 Chapter LIX]OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. GA., AND E. FLA. [

in my front, and in that event he directed me by moving to the right to put my troops in support of Lorings. This result was anticipated from the general direction of the lines, the line of the Army of Tennessee, of which my command was the extreme left, and that of the troops to the left of me forming an obtuse angle, with the point of union where those troops and mine connected. At the appointed time I put my command in motion and moved across the field, nnder a slight fire of the enemys artillery, 300 or 400 yards, when skirmishers were encount- ered in their detached works. These were driven off by the skirmish line covering my front under Capt. E. C. Woodson, Twenty-sixth [Twenty-fifth] Arkansas Regiment, and my line in its advance (the con- tingency above referred to not having occurred) soon connected with Lorings near the point indicated. About 250 yards from where I found his skirmishers I came upon the enemys main line intrenched, which was easily carried,the troops retreating in disorder and leaving about 200 of their number in the ditches. Having no men to spare to guard them, these prisoners were ordered to the rear and the line moved for- ward toward two pieces of artillery in its front, which kept up a con- stant fire upon it. The men soon fled from their guns and I moved on, my left brigade (Quarles) passing over them, till the density of the undergrowth and the rapid pursuit so deranged my line that it became necessary to rectify it before advancing farther. The troops on my right were halted for the same purpose, and after the line was reformed I again moved forward with them by the order of Major-General Lor- ing, my instructions being to regulate my movement by theirs. After advancing a short distance Lorings division moved several hundred yards by the right flank and then forward again, to which movements I conformed. Information was soon received that a force of the enemy was immediately on my left, which was communicated to Major-General Loring, and before the messenger returned my left flank was fired upon. In a few moments I was informed by General Loring that the whole line would halt till further orders, and I directed Colonel Toulmin, [Twenty-second] Alabama Regiment, who just before had reported to me with about fifty men of IDeas brigade, to take position on my left and deploying his command to throw it back so as to protect my flank. While this disposition was being made some troops of Lees corps retired through my line and Lorings, and the enemy soon moved upon us. The first line failing to carry our position, a second was brought up, which also failed, and a heavy musketry fire was kept up till nearly dark on either side, the enemy also employing his artillery, but with little effect. About sunset, Colonel Bunn having been wounded, the command of Reynolds brigade devolved on Lient. Col. M. G. Galloway, First Arkan- sas Regiment [Mounted Rifles, dismounted]. About dark, Conners brigade, under Brigadier-General Kennedy, moved upon the line occupied by my command and Lorings, and the latter, who se ammunition was exhausted, as I had been informed by the commanding officer, Colonel Jackson, was withdrawn, and so much of Conners brigade as moved upon the line occupied by that command withdrawn soon afterward. The remainder of Conners brigade (one regiment, I think) moved forward a short distance, but by my order was soon withdrawn and formed on my right, which was then entirely o1)en, the nearest troops to my right, understood to be Pettus brigade, being several hundred yards distant. While this formation was being made the force on my left engaged IDeas skirmish line, and it became necessary for the left of my line to change front to meet the threatened

Page 1102 OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. GA., AND E. FLA.