Today in History:

1097 Series I Volume XLVII-I Serial 98 - Columbia Part I


HEADQUARTERS STEVENSONS DIVISION, March 26, 1865. MAJOR: I have the honor to report that fifty-seven prisoners, exclu- sive of the wounded, were captured by my division on the 19th instant. I herewith inclose reports from each brigade commander, which will explain the matter more fully. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, C. L. STEVENSON, Major- General. Maj. J. W. IRATCHFORD, Assistant Adjutant- General. No. 293. Report of Col. Robert J. Henderson, Forty-second Georgia Infantry, commanding Gummings brigade, of operations March 2021. HEADQUARTERS GUMMINGS BRIGADE, Near Smithfield, N C., March 29, 1865. MAJOR: I have the honor to submit the following operations of Gum- mings brigade near Bentonville: In obedience to orders from the commanding general, the command marched at daylight from Smithfield via Bentonville on the 20th instant to rejoin Stevensons division, from which it had been for some time detached. Arriving at General Johnstons headquarters the brigade was halted and placed in reserve about 400 yards in rear of General Hokes command, which was on the main line. Remained thus until about 2 p. m. on the 21st, when I was informed by Col. Archer Anderson, assistant ad~jutant-general, that my command was subject to the orders of General ilardee, and to proceed with it down the Ben- tonville road, which I did, a staff officer of General ilardee accomn- panying to designate the position the brigade was to occupy. I rode in advance with this officer for the purpose of examining the ground by the time the troops should come up. About half a mile from Ben- tonville we left the main road and went upon one going to the right, leaving a courier at that point to turn the troops. I was absent on this road but a short while when a courier caine to inform me that the command had continued down the main road. I immediately rode rapidly back to rejoin it and found it in line of battle on both sides of the road, advancing. The skirmishers of the enemy were in its front, retiring, and also drawing off toward their left and our right. With- out halting I at once changed front, so as to correspond with this movement of the enemy. After proceeding a short distance in the new direction, the Eighth Texas Cavalry came up on my right and charged in conjunction with nie. I had no means of ascertaining with accuracy the strength of the enemy in my front, but it was estimated to be two divisions of the Seventeenth Army Corps. We drove him with ease for about three- quarters of a mile and until we were in contact with a line of fresh troops, when the cavalry fell back and left my flank exposed. The enemy, quickly discovering this, advanced line, which ha pped my right as far as could be seen, and would, in a few momemits, have completely enveloped that flank. Under these circumstances my line retired, the right regiment somewhat scattered, but the others in good order. The enemy, as soon as we fell back, halted and did not follow.