Today in History:

1090 Series I Volume XLVII-I Serial 98 - Columbia Part I

Page 1090 Chapter LIX]OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. GA., AND E. FLA.

appeared in our front, just opposite Stovalls brigade, and charged until they got within forty yards. when they ran back in great con- fusion. The whole corps fired, many of the men without seeing any object at which to fire. Our whole front was covered by the Yankee skirmishers, but their line of battle extended only a little to the right and left of Stovall. In re-establishing our skirmish line Lieutenant iRoberts, a gallant and meritorious officer, was mortally wounded. At 3.15 p. m. the whole corps advanced in two hues, Deas brigade, Palmers, Stovalls, and Jacksons constituting the front line; Maui- gaults, Pettus, and Bakers the rear line, 300 yards retired. Jn this advance General Loring, with some 500 men, was on our left, and Gen- eral Bate, with a somewhat larger number, on our right. The Yankees had some rid c-pits for skirmishers, but no connected line except in front of Palmers brigade, of this corps, and in less than fifteen minutes from the firing of the first shot Palmers men had passed through this line. Some ten minutes or more subsequent to this time, Tylers and Govans brigades, of Bates command, passed over the same line. The Yankees retired to a more extended line of breast-works 300 yards in rear of their first, but were driven off without difficulty. We now reached the Goldsborongh and Fayetteville road, when I received an order from Lieutenant-General Stewart to halt and reform my command. I directed all my troops to be formed parallel to the road, but a report from Gen- eral Bate that the Yankees were massing in his front induced me to order General Clayton, on our right, to move obliquely across the road to meet this threatened attack and cover Bates left. A map of the ground, since made by Lieutenant Currie, of the engineers, shows that the Yankees had two systems of linesone nearly perpendicular to the Goldsborough road, for the protectioim of the swamp in ilokes front; the other obliquely to this road, and no works at all on my right and iii front of General Bate. Hills division on the left of the corps, and Bakers brigade and part of Palmers striking the works perpendicular to the road, with an enfilade fire, captured them without difficulty. Lieutenant-Colonel Carter, commanding Manigaults brigade, came to me at the angle or vacant space between the Yankee works and reported that his brigade had taken the line opposite the swamp. Supposing that General Smith, commanding Cleburnes division, was in connec- tion, I rode forward, but in less than fifty yards struck the Yankees. It seems that Smiths troops had been withdrawn to meet a supposed attack much farther on the right. General Stevenson had received a report from General Bate that the Yankees were on his front and flank, and had withdrawn Brigadier- General Pettus to the support of General Bate. Brigadier-General Palmer had been ordered up to me with the right of his brigade (the left having moved previously with Brigadier-General Baker), and had taken position on Bakers right. So far there had been a complete success on our left. General Palmer reports that many Yankees had thrown down their arms and were l)repared to surrender. Lieutenant- Colonel Carter was in actual negotiation with a Yankee general for the entire surrender of his command. Unfortunately at this juncture the Yankees discovered the withdrawal of Smith and Pettus, and pressed upon the flank and rear of Palmer, Baker, and Carter from the point at which I had discovered them. Between 200 and 300 of our men were cut off. A party of seventy under Colonel Searcy, Forty-fifth Tennessee, pas~ed entirely through the Yankee lines, and juined us again in nine days. Captain Wood,

Page 1090 OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. GA., AND E. FLA.