Today in History:

1084 Series I Volume XLVII-I Serial 98 - Columbia Part I

Page 1084 Chapter LIX]OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. CA., AND K FLA.

Wednesday, April 2G.Moved at 11 oclock on the Center and Thomas- yule road and marched about ten miles, to within about four miles of the railroad, and directly on the Salem and Fayetteville plank road, the longest in the United States, being 120 miles long. Thursday, April 27.Stationary. in the afternoon it was officially announced that an agreement had been entered on between Generals S[herman] and Jrohnston] that this army should sign an obligation not to bear arms against the United States until released from it. and that the troops should be marched to their respective States and there dis- banded. No. 290. Report of Brig. Gen. William B. Taliaferro, C. S. Army, ~f operations March 1516. HEADQUARTERS TALIAFERROS DIVISION, In Camp near Smithfield, N. C., April 4, 1865. COLONEL: I have the honor to make a report of the operations of this division on the 15th and 10th ultimo, near Averasborough, N. C.: On the morning of the 15th one of my brigades (lthetts) encamped near Smiths house, at the intersection of the Fayetteville and Raleigh road with the road leading to Smiths house and on to Smiths Ferry across the Cape Fear River, and Elliotts brigade half a mile higher up at another cross-road leading to the same ferry. On the previous even- ing the enemy, who had advanced as far as Silver Run, were reported by the cavalry to have retired a distance of four miles below that point, and the troops had received orders from the lieutenant-general com- manding to rest on that day (the 15th). About 8 oclock I was informed by Lieutenant-General Hampton that the infantry of the enemy were pressing our cavalry back, when I selected a position for Rhetts bri- gade near Smiths house in rear of an open field on the right of the road and with the woods on the left, concealing our dispositions, along which I erected such hasty breast-works as our means permitted. I advanced a line of skirmishers a few hundred yards in front of this line and ordered up some field pieces to support the lines. My object in this was only to check the enemy until our trains should be beyond the reach of danger, when I designed to retire Rhetts upon Elliotts bri- gade, or to take such other positions as should be directed by the lieu- tenant-general commanding. The lieutenant-general comnianding, as soon as he was notified of the advance of the enemy, rode to my front and ordered my picket-line still farther advanced. This was done, when they struck the enemy some half a mile in front of our position. The cavalry having retired to the right and left, I threw a few shells into the woods in front of our skirmishers; but excnpt a slight demon- stration along the skirmish line, nothing of consequence occurred dur- ing the rest of the day. I regret to say that Colonel Rhett, First South Carolina Artillery, commanding this brigade, rode forward in advance of the skirmish line, and mistaking a party of the enemy~s cavalry for our own, was made prisoner. I was directed by the lieutenant-general commanding that in the event the enemy moved forward in the morning I should hold the posi- tion occupied with Rhetts brigade, now commanded by Colonel Butler,

Page 1084 OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. CA., AND K FLA.