Today in History:

1081 Series I Volume XLVII-I Serial 98 - Columbia Part I


Wednesday, February 1.Reached Montgomery about 2 p. in., where we remained until the morning of Friday, February 3, when we took the cars for Columbus, reaching that place before night. Saturday, February 4.Our baggage and horses were seut on and the general and most of the staff laid over a day, which was passed niost agreeably with Mrs. W. Sunday, February 5.Left Columbus at daylight and arrived at Macon about 4.30 p. m. Monday, February 6.Left Macou at 8 a. m. and arrived at Midway about 2 p. in., and an hour later moved in wagons and on horseback to Milledgeville, one mile and a half distant, where we stayed all night. Tuesday, February 7.Left Milledgevihle in a storm of rain and rode horseback twenty-five miles, bivouacking near Colonel Lanes, two miles from Sparta. Wednesday, February 8.Started again at sunrise and completed the balance of the break on the Macon and Milledgeville Railroad, some twelve miles, reaching Mayfield Station at 12 in., and leaving there on the train at 4 p. in., we reached Cainak Station, on the Georgia rail- road, just after night. Thursday, February 9.Taking the first train which came along, about 10 a. in., we arrived at Augusta about 5 p. in. Stayed near the depot all night, and on the morning of Friday, February 10.We moved across the river into South Caro- lina, making our quarters at the Widow Mayers, one mile from the bridge. Saturday, February 11.Was spent by the general and most of the staff present in examining the country about Bath Mills and vicinity. Sunday, February 12.The enemy near Aiken, seventeen miles from Augusta. Wheeler fighting them. Monday, February 13.The enemy reported retreating, or, rather, falling back, front Aiken, and orders from General Beauregard for General C[heatham] to move with his corps to Columbia, S. C., at once. Tuesday, February 14.Stationary, but preparing to move. Wednesday, February 15.Left our quarters at Mrs. Mayers this morning and marched twenty miles, stopping at Bansketts Mills, twenty-one miles from Augusta. Thursday, February 16.Left our quarters at Bausketts Mills and marched to Mr. Norris, twenty miles. Friday, February 17.Started from Norris about sunrise. Learning that the enemy had gotten between us and Columbia on the road we were traveling, it became necessary to make a considerable detour to the left and make for McNarys Ferry, on the Saluda, which point the head of the column reached about 3 p. in. As there was but one raft at this ferry, Smiths division, with the artillery, crossed here, and Bates division went to Hollys Ferry, three miles below. By 2.30 a. m. the next day everything was across. Our quarters for the night at Mrs. Wises, three-quarters of a mile this side. Saturday, February 18.In motion again by sunrise, reaching Frog Level Station, on the Greenville railroad, a distance of seven miles, by 1 p. in.; the troops camped two miles beyond, and our quarters for the night at . Quite a lot of commissary stores were found here, which were issued and shipped off. The enemy being between us and Columbia, General Beauregard directs that we cross the Broad River at a point above Newberry.