Today in History:

7 Series I Volume IV- Serial 4 - Operations in the South and West

Page 7(Official Records Volume 4)



Terms of surrender of U. S. troops to C. S. troops, July 27, 1861, San Augustine Springs, N. Mex.

The undersigned, Major I. Lynde, Seventh Infantry, U. S. Army, agrees to surrender his command on conditions that they receive the treatment of prisoners of war, families secure from insult, private property to be respected.

Officers, after giving their parole, can elect which route they prefer in leaving the Department of New Mexico to go to any part of the United States.

The enlisted men of the command will be disarmed, and given the liberty of the post of Fort Bliss until instructions can be received from General Van Dorn, C. S. Army, as to their future disposition.

To all which the commanding officer, J. R. Baylor, lieutenant-colonel, C. S. Army, agrees.

I. LYNDE, Major, Seventh Infantry.

JOHN R. BAYLOR, Lieutenant Colonel , Mounted Rifles, C. S. Army.

Numbers 3. Reports of Captain Alfred Gibbs, Third U. S. Cavalry.

FORT CRAIG, August 6, 1861.

COLONEL: In obedience to orders No.--, of July 15, from your headquarters, I left Albuquerque on the 18th ultimo, and arrived here on Fillmore, and arrived at the Point of Rocks, 27 miles from the Rio Grande, on the 26th ultimo. I here met Lieutenant Lane, with Company A, Mounted Rifles, and Dr. Steck, Indian agent, who informed me that the Texans were in force at La Mesilla, and would prevent my junction with Major Lynde. I hired a guide, and, turning off the road, proceeded that night to pass behind Las Cruces and Dona Ana, hoping to get into Fort Fillmore in rear, and thus to avoid capture. On arriving at San Augustine Springs, or rather the Pass of La Cueva, 5 miles this side, I found Major Lynde's command in full retreat for Fort Stanton. I reported myself, with 35 men of Company I and 10 of Company G, Mounted Rifles-the last the escort to the mail I met upon the road, and which I ordered to join me- to Lieutenant Brooks, Major Lynde's adjutant, and with him proceeded 5 miles tot he front, to report myself to Major Lynde,a s directed in your instructions. I also reported tot he major that I had seen a force of Texans approaching, and that I thought they would moles our rear. Major Lyndle asked what force I had, and I replied 70 men, all told. He said that there were two companies of infantry on rear guard in addition, and that would be sufficient. He then turned back and returned to San Augustine Springs.

It will be well here to mention that the infantry had been marched up to noon 20 miles without water, and that under the bushes by the side of the road over 150 men were lying, unable to rise or to carry their muskets, and useless and disorganized in every way. This was the rear guard on which I was ordered to rely. Major Lynde had not seen it